0800064 - JTF-8 PRESENTS OPERATION DOMINIC, CHRISTMAS ISLAND; EG&G OPERATION DOMINIC SCIENTIFIC PHOTOGRAPHY, BLUESTONE EVENT (Silent) 1962 Black & White Sanitized 22:29 (Two Films on One Video)
JTF-8 PRESENTS OPERATION DOMINIC, CHRISTMAS ISLAND 12:29 (Sound)
A previous video release, “Dominic Fireballs,” (silent with captions) featured 16 nuclear bursts conducted near Christmas Island in 1962 and presented a general visual overview of the test operation. This documentary presents a brief history of the British-owned Christmas Island and the agreement that allowed the United States to use it as a staging area for 24 atmospheric tests.
However, only three nuclear blasts are shown, each representing a different aspect of Operation Dominic I. The first test shown was ADOBE, detonated on April 25, 1962, which had a yield of 190 kilotons (kt). This was a proof test of a device prior to it going into the nuclear weapons stockpile. The second test, FRIGATE BIRD, involved a warhead (yield not given) launched on May 6, 1962, from the submarine Ethan Allen and carried to its target by a Polaris missile. It was an atmospheric test. The third test, SWORDFISH, a low-yield device, was a system proof test of an antisubmarine rocket (ASROC) conducted on May 11, 1962. The weapon, an atomic depth charge, was successfully detonated underwater after its ride on the ASROC.
This video shows the BLUESTONE thermonuclear airdrop from several vantage points at various camera speeds and focal lengths. Conducted near Christmas Island in the Pacific, BLUESTONE had a yield of 1.27 megatons. This test does not have the familiar mushroom cloud effect, but forms a huge circular fireball and as it expands, forms a large ring.
BLUESTONE was but one of many Dominic I tests dedicated to research and development of thermonuclear devices. The Dominic I series was ordered after the Soviet Union had resumed testing nuclear weapons.